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Season One, Episode Ten: “Forgiveness and Stuff”

    Season 1, episode 10: “Forgiveness and Stuff”
    Original air date: 21 December 2000
    Directed by: Bethany Rooney
    Written by: John Stephens

    Summary: Tensions persist between Lorelai and Emily following their fight, but things are put into perspective when Richard is rushed to the hospital from the family Christmas party.

    Note: My timestamps are based on the series DVDs, which include a “previously on Gilmore Girls” montage at the beginning of some episodes. Netflix timestamps may be a minute and a half or so behind my own.

    On this page: All References in Chronological Order | References Sorted by Category | Frequent References | Image Credits | Indigenous Land Acknowledgment

    All References in Chronological Order

    01:40 – 🕊️ feature
    MISS PATTY: Now, I want my before Mary over here, and my after Mary over here. Wise Men, shepherd, line up for the processional. I only have half a donkey? I need the rest of the donkey!
    02:05
    RORY: Um, Taylor. The baby Jesus is missing an arm again.

    • The residents of Stars Hollow are preparing to stage a nativity scene, a “special exhibition…of art objects representing the birth of Jesus” (Wikipedia) as it is described in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. The central figures in such scenes are the infant Jesus, his mother, Mary, and her husband, Joseph. Surrounding figures often include the Magi (also known as the Three Kings or Wise Men), shepherds, angels, donkeys, oxen, and camels. The characters are portrayed either by model figures or by real people in what is called a “living nativity scene,” or tableau vivant. One of the earliest known nativity scenes, dating to AD 380, was found in the Roman catacomb of Saint Valentine. Lorelai alludes to nativity characters in episode four, and the Virgin Mary is otherwise mentioned in episodes two and six.
    • Though a dog is revealed to be the culprit behind the disappearance of the doll’s arm, Baby Jesus figures are a common target for vandalism and theft in the United States.

    03:25 – 🎧 reference + 🕊️ mention
    LORELAI: It’s beginning to look a lot like Christmas.
    07:10
    EMILY: I wanted to talk to you about the Christmas dinner this Friday.

    • “It’s Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas” (originally titled “It’s Beginning to Look Like Christmas”) is a Christmas song written in 1951 by US composer Meredith Willson. Well known versions have been recorded by Bing Crosby (1951), Perry Como and the Fontane Sisters with Mitchell Ayres & His Orchestra (1951), and Johnny Mathis (1986).
    • “Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ, observed primarily on [25 December] as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people around the world” (Wikipedia). This episode takes place at Christmastime and features several Christmas motifs and traditions. The holiday was also mentioned briefly in episodes six and nine.

    04:35 – 🎥 reference
    LANE: You and Lorelai haven’t made up yet, huh?
    RORY: No. Things are still very Miracle Worker at my house.

    • The Miracle Worker is a 1962 US biographical film directed by Arthur Penn. It takes place during the childhood of US author, lecturer, and political activist Helen Keller, who was blind and deaf from infancy onward. When she was seven years old, her parents sent for Anne Sullivan, a tutor, herself partially blind, who would become Keller’s lifelong companion. The film depicts a battle of wills, including fierce physical struggles, between student and teacher. It stars Anne Bancroft as Sullivan and introduces then-15-year-old Patty Duke as Keller.
    • Screenwriter William Gibson based the film on his 1959 play of the same name, using Keller’s 1903 autobiography, The Story of My Life, for reference. The film’s director, Arthur Penn, also directed the stage production, and Bancroft and Duke reprised their stage roles for the film. As an adult in 1979, Duke took on the role of Sullivan in a made-for-TV version of The Miracle Worker, opposite Melissa Gilbert as Keller.

    05:25 – 📖 mention + 🗺️ mention
    LANE: You got Dean a book?
    RORY: Yeah, Metamorphosis.
    LANE: Metamorphosis.
    RORY: It’s Kafka.
    LANE: Very romantic. … I know I’ve always dreamed that someday a guy would get me a really confusing Czechoslovakian novel.

    • The Metamorphosis (German: Die Verwandlung) is a 1915 novella and one of the best-known works by the German-speaking Bohemian novelist Franz Kafka (1883-1924). It tells the story of a salesman “who wakes one morning to find himself inexplicably transformed into a huge insect” (Wikipedia). The term “Kafkaesque” may be used, in English, to describe situations “having a nightmarishly complex, bizarre, or illogical quality” (Merriam-Webster) reminiscent of Kafka’s stories.
    • At the time the novella was published, Czechoslovakia did not technically exist. Kafka lived in Austria-Hungary, which dissolved officially following World War I. Czechoslovakia went through several incarnations during the 20th century before ultimately dividing in 1993 (almost eight years before this episode aired) to form the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Kafka was born in the city of Prague, mentioned in episodes three and nine.

    06:45 – 🎧 mention
    INN TREE DECORATOR: So, this isn’t a fairy.
    MICHEL: That is Little Bo-Peep.

    • “Little Bo-Peep” is an English-language nursery rhyme first published in 1805. Though variations of the lyrics exist, the most common version goes, “Little Bo-Peep has lost her sheep, / And doesn’t know where to find them; / Leave them alone, and they’ll come home, / Wagging their tails behind them.” In illustrations, Bo-Peep is depicted as a shepherdess, often with a staff, bonnet, and pink dress. A version of the character appears in the 1995 computer-animated film Toy Story.
    • References to a children’s peek-a-boo game called “bo-peep” date to the 16th century (including one mention in Shakespeare’s King Lear), but there is no evidence that the nursery rhyme existed prior to the 18th century.

    09:00 – 🏷️ mention
    LORELAI: How do you think your grandma got those legs of hers? She’s not exactly a StairMaster gal.

    • StairMaster is a US producer of exercise equipment. Their flagship product, the StairMaster to which Lorelai refers, is a rotating stair-climbing machine designed to provide a challenging cardiovascular workout. The StairMaster was invented and popularized in the 1980s.

    09:15 – 🎧 reference
    RORY: Should I put your name on Grandma’s present?
    LORELAI: Yes. Sign it, “The innkeeper formerly known as her daughter.”

    • Prince (born Prince Nelson, 1958-2016) was a US singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist “widely regarded as one of the greatest musicians of his generation” (Wikipedia). When a contractual dispute with Warner Bros. Records prevented him from releasing music under his legal name in 1993, he changed his stage name to an unpronounceable symbol copyrighted as Love Symbol #2. “In response, the phrase ‘The Artist Formerly Known as Prince’ was coined by a public that had no idea what else to call him, and quickly became a very popular target for parody” (TV Tropes). His publishing contract with Warner Bros. eventually expired, and he returned to using his original name in 2000.

    10:00 – 🎧 feature
    Rory arrives at her grandparents’ Christmas party, and “Santa Claus Is Comin’ to Town” by Tony Bennett plays in the background as Emily introduces her to the other guests. Rory privately urges her grandmother not to blame Lorelai for the dance debacle of the previous episode.

    • This song was written by J. Fred Coots, with lyrics by Haven Gillespie, and was first published in 1934. To date, it has been recorded by over 200 artists. Tony Bennett’s version was recorded in 1967 and released the following year on the album Snowfall: The Tony Bennett Christmas Album.
    • In 1970, Rankin-Bass produced a stop-motion-animated television special based on the song. The film is narrated by Fred Astaire and tells the story of how Santa Claus and various other Christmas traditions came to be.

    11:10 – 🗺️ mention
    RICHARD: I’m going to call that man.
    ALLEN: Richard, it’s past midnight in London.

    • London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. It is the largest metropolitan area in Western Europe, and the third-most populous European city, after Istanbul, Turkey and Moscow, Russia. “As one of the world’s major global cities, London exerts a strong influence on world art, entertainment, fashion, commerce and finance” (Wikipedia). Except during British Summer Time (the functional equivalent of Daylight Saving Time in the US), London follows Greenwich Mean Time. Hartford, Connecticut is five hours behind London, on Eastern Standard Time, meaning it is past seven in the evening when Rory arrives at the party.
    • London is one of the cities Rory mentions wanting to visit, in episode three.

    11:40 – 🎧 feature
    “Christmas Wrapping” by the Waitresses plays at Lorelai’s house as she adjusts Christmas decorations and talks on the phone about a delayed pizza delivery. It continues in the background while Lorelai eats in the kitchen and catches Dean at Rory’s bedroom window.

    • This song comes from the 1981 compilation album A Christmas Record. The Waitresses, a US new-wave band, appear on this album along with other artists signed to ZE Records.

    12:10 – 🏷️ mention
    LORELAI: Well, how long until your brother’s back with the Razor scooter?

    • The Razor scooter is a compact folding scooter developed by Swiss company Micro Mobility Systems and manufactured by Chinese bicycle company JD Corp. California-based distributor Razor USA was established in 2000. Although Razor scooters were originally conceived of as a means of personal transportation for adult commuters, they became extremely popular among children and adolescents of the era and were named the “Spring/Summer Toy of the Year” by the Toy Association in 2000.

    13:55 – 🪶 reference + ⚖️ reference
    DEAN: So, am I, like, public enemy number one with you?
    LORELAI: Number one? I don’t know. Would you settle for top five? ‘Cause I’m still a little hot for that crazy bomber guy who’s been living in a cave for a year.

    • The phrase “public enemy” was used widely in the 1930s to refer to criminals whose activities were deemed damaging to society at large. The Chicago Crime Commission and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) applied the term officially to gangsters and bank robbers like Al Capone, John Dillinger, Pretty Boy Floyd, and Baby Face Nelson, all of whom were declared “Public Enemy No. 1” at some point. Though it is most strongly associated with the gangster era, the phrase has been used, in some form, since the Roman Empire. A gangster film called The Public Enemy, directed by William A. Wellman and starring James Cagney and Jean Harlow, was released in 1931.
    • Given the timing of this episode, Lorelai is likely referring to the Olympic Park Bomber, a far-right US terrorist who committed a series of bombings across the Southern US between 1996 and 1998, including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. He was listed as one of the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives for five years, evading capture in the Appalachian wilderness until his arrest in 2003.

    15:30 – 🎧 feature
    Bell ringers play “The First Noel” in front of the gazebo as Lorelai walks through the town square.

    • “The First Noel” (also known as “The First Nowell”) is a Christmas carol with Cornish origins, most likely dating to the early modern period (loosely defined as the late Middle Ages through the Age of Revolutions in the mid-18th century). It was first published in its current form in Carols Ancient and Modern in 1823. Nowell is an Early Modern English word for “Christmas,” from the French Noël.
    A plated Santa burger with olive eyes, cherry tomato nose, tomato slice mouth, cream cheese beard, and ketchup hat.
    The Santa burger. See image credits [1].

    15:35 – ⭐ feature
    Lorelai makes a donation to a bell-ringer dressed as Santa Claus.
    19:10
    LORELAI: You made me a Santa burger.
    LUKE: It’s no big deal.
    LORELAI: He has a hat and everything.

    • Santa Claus (also known as Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, Saint Nick, or Kris Kringle) “is a legendary figure originating in Western Christian culture who is said to bring gifts during the late evening and overnight hours on Christmas Eve. … The modern figure of Santa” (Wikipedia) derives from Saint Nicholas of Myra (a fourth-century bishop and patron saint of children from modern-day Turkey), the English figure of Father Christmas, the German Belsnickel, and the Dutch Sinterklaas. The popular image of Santa Claus as a jolly, heavyset man with white hair and beard was established, at least in part, by the drawings of 19th-century US cartoonist Thomas Nast. Santa was depicted wearing red and white as early as the turn of the 20th century, when he appeared in full-color illustrations on the cover of Puck magazine.

    17:10 – 🏷️ mention
    LORELAI: Don’t you have any kind of holiday special, something festive?
    LUKE: I just got some Grey Poupon. It’s French.

    • Grey Poupon is a brand of whole-grain and Dijon mustard originating in Dijon, France.

    19:25 – 🏷️ mention
    LUKE: Yeah, I just cut a piece of Wonder Bread, you know, poured on a little ketchup, piped on a little cream cheese.

    • Wonder Bread is a US brand of bread introduced in 1921. By 1930, it was among the first brands of bread to be sold pre-sliced in the US, giving rise to the phrase, “The greatest thing since sliced bread.” Wonder Bread is known for its fluffy white bread and distinctive white bread bags, decorated with primary-colored circles. According to the brand’s about page, the name was inspired by the “wonder” of a hot-air balloon race, with packaging designed to be reminiscent of those balloons.

    19:35 – 🗺️ mention
    LUKE: Outside.
    LORELAI: Are you kidding? It’s like the North Pole out there.

    • The North Pole “is the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth’s axis of rotation meets its surface” (Wikipedia). It may be called the Geographic North Pole, Terrestrial North Pole, or True North Pole to distinguish it from the Magnetic North Pole, which relates to the planet’s magnetic field rather than its rotational axis. “While the South Pole lies on a continental land mass, the North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean amid waters that are almost permanently covered with constantly shifting sea ice.” The nearest land is Kaffeklubben Island, off the northern coast of Greenland, and the nearest site of human habitation is Alert in Nunavut, Canada.
    • In Western Christian folklore, the North Pole is the location of Santa’s home and workshop, where he and his elves produce toys for the world’s children. The North Pole also “plays a key part in the cultural worldview of Sufism and Iranian mysticism” (Wikipedia).

    19:55 – 🎧 feature
    A group of carolers led by Taylor Doose burst into Luke’s Diner singing “Hark! The Herald Angels Sing.”

    • This song is an English Christmas carol first published in the collection Hymns and Sacred Poems in 1739. The carol “tells of an angelic chorus singing praises to God” (Wikipedia). It is based on Luke 2:14, commonly cited as, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.” The modern version of the carol features lyrical contributions by Charles Wesley and George Whitefield, two of the founding ministers of Methodism, with a melody adapted from the 1840 composition “Vaterland, in deinen Gauen” by German composer Felix Mendelssohn.

    22:00 – 🏷️ mention
    LORELAI: I feel like this is one of those moments where I should be remembering all the great times I had with my dad. You know? The time he took me shopping for a Barbie, or to the circus, or fishing.

    • Barbie is a doll manufactured by US toy company Mattel since 1959. US businesswoman Ruth Handler created Barbie with inspiration from a German doll, Bild Lilli, based on a German comic strip character. Barbie is considered a fashion doll, “designed to be dressed to reflect fashion trends” (Wikipedia), and the dolls often come with outfits and accessories corresponding to a particular activity, setting, or career. To date, Mattel has sold more than a billion Barbie dolls, and they are considered a classic children’s toy.

    23:25 – 🏷️ mention
    LUKE: Okay. Hold on. That Camaro is dust.

    • The Camaro is a mid-size automobile manufactured by US company Chevrolet. It is usually described as a pony car, a US “car classification for affordable, compact, highly stylized coupés or convertibles with a ‘sporty’ or performance-oriented image” (Wikipedia). The Camaro was designed in 1966 as a competitor to the Ford Mustang, previously mentioned in episode five.

    24:00 – 🗺️ reference
    RORY: Did you find out anything?
    EMILY: Please, they run this place like the CIA.

    • The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is the United States’ foreign intelligence service “officially tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world” (Wikipedia). The CIA is not to be confused with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the United States’ domestic security service (similar to the distinction between MI5 and MI6 in the United Kingdom). Like FBI agents, CIA operatives are specially vetted and trained due to the classified nature of their work.
    • The CIA “has been the subject of many controversies relating to its use of torture, domestic wiretapping, and propaganda, as well as human rights violations and allegations of drug trafficking” (Wikipedia). The CIA has also drawn criticism for its exertion of foreign political influence, including involvement in “regime changes and carrying out terrorist attacks and planned assassinations of foreign leaders.”

    24:30 – 📖 mention
    EMILY: Rory, go get your grandfather a paper. … The Wall Street Journal or Barron’s, whatever they have.
    27:45
    Rory is carrying a copy of the Financial Times when she finds Luke waiting in the hospital hallway..
    32:20
    RORY: We’re done with the front page of the Financial Times and all the The Wall Street Journal.

    • The Wall Street Journal is a business- and finance-focused US daily newspaper founded in 1889. It is the second-largest US newspaper by circulation after The New York Times and has won 39 Pulitzer Prizes. While it claims impartiality in its news pages, its editorial section tends toward conservative viewpoints. It was mentioned previously in episode six.
    • Barron’s is a weekly US investing publication covering “financial information, market developments, and relevant statistics” (Wikipedia). It was founded in 1921 by Dow Jones president Clarence W. Barron as a sister publication to The Wall Street Journal.
    • The Financial Times (abbreviated FT) “is a British daily business newspaper printed in broadsheet” (Wikipedia). It was founded in 1888 as the London Financial Guide. An issue of the paper was featured briefly in episode eight.

    25:15 – 📖 reference
    NURSE: Ms. Gilmore, I need you to fill out–
    EMILY: It’s not Ms. Gilmore, it’s Mrs. Gilmore. Mrs. Gilmore. I am not a Cosmo woman.

    • Cosmopolitan (or Cosmo, for short) is a US fashion and entertainment magazine marketed toward women. It was founded in 1886, though its content has shifted over time. Today, it includes dating and relationship advice and is especially known for its explicit sex tips. A “Cosmo woman” implies a young, sexually active, urban woman, the target readership for Cosmopolitan. Issues of the magazine were featured previously in episodes six and seven.
    • In English, the honorific “Ms.” is used before a woman’s full or last name. Unlike “Miss” (for girls and unmarried women) and “Mrs.” (for married women), “Ms.” does not denote marital status. The title dates to the 17th century but did not reenter mainstream usage until it was adopted by second-wave feminists in the 1970s. Activists Gloria Steinem and Dorothy Pitman Hughes gave the name to their feminist publication Ms. magazine, which first appeared on newsstands in 1972.
    • Jane Lynch, who plays the nurse in this scene, had mostly had bit parts in film and television up to this point. She would later become known for her role as Sue Sylvester on the show Glee (2009-2015). More recently, she had a recurring role on another Amy Sherman-Palladino show, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel (2017-2023).

    25:40 – 🎥 reference
    LUKE: Okay, we’re supposed to follow the blue line around the corner, and then we should be…
    LORELAI: Where’s the scarecrow when you need him?

    • In the 1939 US musical fantasy film The Wizard of Oz (dir. Victor Fleming), a young girl finds herself far from home following a tornado and seeks help from a powerful wizard. She follows the path of a yellow brick road meant to lead her to him, but when she encounters a fork in the road, she is unsure which way to go. It is at this juncture that she encounters a scarecrow, the first of several characters she will befriend on her journey. The film is based on the 1900 fantasy children’s novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum.

    31:25 – 🏷️ mention
    RORY: The coffee machine was jammed, so I got us some chicken soup and some Pez.

    • Pez (stylized PEZ) is an Austrian brand of candy. The candy was invented in 1927 and consists of sugar and other flavorings pressed into tiny bricks, 12 of which fit into the collectible dispensers for which the brand is known.
    • The modern Pez dispenser consists of a hollow, plastic stem where the candies are stored, topped with the head of a fictional character or public figure. When the character’s head is tipped back, the candy is released from the dispenser. As of 2020, there were about 1,400 different heads in existence.

    31:40 – ⭐ reference
    LUKE: So, who are you gonna go find now?
    LORELAI: Stop.
    LUKE: How about Jimmy Hoffa? That’d keep you busy for a while.

    • Jimmy Hoffa (born James Hoffa in 1913, disappeared 1975, declared dead 1982) was a US labor union leader and president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1957 to 1971. Hoffa became involved in organized crime and was convicted of jury tampering, attempted bribery, conspiracy, and mail and wire fraud in 1964. In 1975, he disappeared. His remains were never discovered, and he was declared dead in absentia in 1982. Despite years of investigation by numerous law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, no official conclusion has ever been reached as to his fate. The consensus among historians and investigators is that he was likely murdered by the Mafia.

    34:20 – 🎧 feature
    “Happy Xmas (War Is Over)” by John & Yoko/Plastic Ono Band plays in the background when Rory finds Lorelai struggling with the coffee machine. Lorelai tells Rory about Dean’s visit to their house, and they make amends.

    • This is a Christmas song and a protest song against the Vietnam War. It was written by married couple John Lennon and Yoko Ono and features backing vocals by the Harlem Community Choir. The song was released as a single in 1971 – the seventh single released by Lennon outside his work with the Beatles – and made its first album appearance on the 1975 compilation Shaved Fish. The song reentered the UK Singles Chart following Lennon’s death in 1980, peaking at number two.

    34:55 – ⭐ reference
    LORELAI: Rory, there are only two things that I totally trust in this entire world: the fact that I will never be able to understand what Charo is saying no matter how long she lives in this country, and you.

    • Charo (born María Rosario Pilar Martinez Molina Baeza) is a Spanish-born actor, singer, and flamenco guitarist. “In the late 1960s and 1970s, she became a ubiquitous presence on American television… She is known for her uninhibited and exuberant manner, high energy levels, vague age, heavy Spanish accent, and catchphrase ‘cuchi-cuchi'” (Wikipedia).
    • Charo became a naturalized US citizen in 1977. Her year of birth has been the subject of dispute for decades, with claims ranging from 1941 to 1951. A Las Vegas judge allowed the 1951 date as official in 1977.

    36:10 – 🏷️ mention
    LUKE: That’s a nice tie.
    EMILY: It’s Brooks Brothers.

    • Brooks Brothers is a luxury clothing brand established in 1818, making it the oldest clothing retailer in the US. The company’s logo, a sheep suspended in a ribbon, is a historical symbol of British wool merchants. The image dates to the 15th century, when it was the emblem of the Knights of the Golden Fleece. Brooks Brothers has outfitted 41 of the 46 US Presidents, including Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Barack Obama. During the US Civil War, President Ulysses S. Grant ordered uniforms for Union officers from Brooks Brothers.

    40:10 – 🏷️ mention
    LORELAI: I’m gonna stick around here for a while and make sure everything’s settled, you know. You take her, and I’ll drive the Jeep back.

    • Jeep is a US brand of automobile, and the model Lorelai owns is a 2000 Jeep Wrangler. Lorelai’s Jeep is seen many times throughout the series (beginning in the pilot episode), and was mentioned previously in episode four. The vehicle used in the show was auctioned off to the public in 2011, and in 2016, a writer for Autotrader tracked it down to the small town of Deep River, Connecticut.
    • Jeep also has long-standing military associations in the US. While the term “jeep” had prior use in military slang, “the World War II ‘jeep’ that went into production in 1941 specifically tied the name to this light military 4×4” (Wikipedia).

    41:40 – 🎧 feature
    “Thanks for Christmas” by the Three Wise Men (aka XTC) plays as holiday revelers gather in the Stars Hollow town square. Lorelai goes to Luke’s and gives him a gift, and they watch the holiday procession.

    • This song was released as a holiday single in 1983 and made its first album appearance on the 1990 compilation Rag and Bone Buffet: Rare Cuts and Leftovers. It was released by English rock band XTC (mentioned previously in episode two, and featured in episodes two and nine) under the pseudonym the Three Wise Men.

    References Sorted by Category

    Jump to category: Brand Names | Famous Figures | Film, Television & Theater | Geography & Politics | History | Literature | Music | Religion | True Crime

    🏷️ Brand Names

    • 09:00 – StairMaster (exercise equipment)
    • 12:10 – Razor (scooter)
    • 17:10 – Grey Poupon (mustard)
    • 19:25 – Wonder Bread (bread)
    • 22:00 – Barbie (toy)
    • 23:25 – Chevrolet Camaro (automobile)
    • 31:25 – Pez (candy)
    • 36:10 – Brooks Brothers (apparel)
    • 40:10 – Jeep (automobile)

    ⭐ Famous Figures

    • 15:35, 19:10 – Santa Claus (folk figure)
    • 31:40 – Jimmy Hoffa (missing person and presumptive murder victim)
    • 34:55 – Charo (actor and musician)

    🎥 Film, Television & Theater

    • 04:35The Miracle Worker (1959 stage play, 1962 film)
    • 25:40The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)

    🗺️ Geography & Politics

    • 05:25 – Czechoslovakia (former country)
    • 11:10 – London, United Kingdom (European city)
    • 19:35 – North Pole (geographic point)
    • 24:00 – Central Intelligence Agency (intelligence service)

    🪶 History

    • 13:55 – Public Enemy No. 1 (criminal designation)

    📖 Literature

    • 05:25The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka (book)
    • 24:30, 32:20The Wall Street Journal (newspaper)
    • 24:30Barron’s (magazine/newspaper)
    • 27:45, 32:20Financial Times (newspaper)
    • 25:15Cosmopolitan (magazine)

    🎧 Music

    🕊️ Religion

    ⚖️ True Crime

    • 13:55 – Olympic Park Bomber (terrorist)

    Frequent References

    A few things come up so routinely in the show, I am not going to include an entry for them every time they do. I wrote about the following people, places, and things when they first appeared or were mentioned.

    Image Credits

    Image [1] is a still from the episode. Episode citation: “Forgiveness and Stuff.” Gilmore Girls, created by Amy Sherman-Palladino, cinematography by Ronald Víctor García, season 1, episode 10, Dorothy Parker Drank Here Productions, Hofflund/Polone, Warner Bros. Television, 2000.

    Indigenous Land Acknowledgment

    In beginning my work on this guide, I’ve come to realize just how many references (however subtle) the show contains to the Revolutionary War and the colonial history of the United States. It is important and necessary to acknowledge the people whose lands were usurped when these events took place, though this is not a simple matter. Please visit the about page to view the results of my research and read the

    Posted 2 March 2021 (updated 9 May 2024)

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